In relation to wave motion, a curve described by a point on a radius of a circle that rolls along a straight line. Also called PROLATE CYCLOID.
Related Terms 
MODULATING WAVE
A wave which modulates a carrier wave.

EMISSION SPECTROMETER
Works on the basis that atoms of metallic and other particular elements emit light at characteristic wavelengths when they are excited in a flame, arc, or spark. Excited light is directed through an entrance slit in the spectrometer. This light penetrates the slit, falls on a grate, and is dispersed and reflected. The spectrometer is calibrated by a series of standard samples containing known amounts of the elements of interest. By exciting these standard samples, an analytical curve can be established which gives the relationship between the light intensity and its concentration in the fluid.

GREENWICH HOUR ANGLE
Angular distance west of the Greenwich celestial meridian; the arc of the celestial equator, or the angle at the celestial pole, between the upper branch of the Greenwich celestial meridian and the hour circle of a point on the celestial sphere, measured westward from the Greenwich celestial meridian throug

HARMONIC MOTION
The projection of circular motion on a diameter of the circle of such motion. Simple harmonic motion is produced if the circular motion is of constant speed. The combination of two or more simple harmonic motions results in compound harmonic motion.

ANGSTROM UNITS
A unit of wave length, equal in length to one ten billionth.

HORIZON
The great circle of the celestial sphere midway between the zenith and nadir, or a line resembling or approximating such a circle. The line where earth and sky appear to meet, and the projection of this line upon the celestial sphere, is called the visible or apparent horizon. A line resembling the visible horizon but above or below it is called a false horizon. The circle of the celestial sphereformed by the intersection of the celestial sphere and a plane perpendicular to the zenithnadir line is called sensible horizon if the plane is through any point, such as the eye of an observer; geoidal horizon if through any sealevel point; and celestial or rational horizon if through the center of the earth. The geometrical horizon was originally considered identi cal with the celestial horizon, but the expression is now more commonly used to refer to the intersection of the celestial

HOP
Travel of a radio wave to the ionosphere and back to earth. The number of hops a radio signal has experienced is usually designated by the expression onehop, twohop, multihop, etc

HOUR CIRCLE
On the celestial sphere, a great circle through the celestial poles. An hour circle through the zenith is called a celestial meridian Also called CIRCLE OF DECLINATION, CIRCLE OF

HORIZONTALLY POLARIZED WAVE
A plane polarized electromagnetic wave in which the electric field vector is in a horizontal plane.

HOUR ANGLE
Angular distance west of a celestial meridian or hour circle; the arc of the celestial equator, or the angle at the celestial pole, between the upper branch of a celestial meridian or hour circle and the hour circl
