Breakwaters situated close within the entrance used to reduce the size of waves from sea or swell which enter a harbor before they penetrate into the harbor.


Related Terms

GROUND SWELL

A long, deep swell or undulation of the ocean often caused by a long-continued gale and sometimes a seismic disturbance and felt even at a remote distance. In shallow water the swell rises to a prominent height.

SEA STATE

The general condition of the free surface on a large body of water with respect to wind waves and swell at a certain location and moment, characterized by statistics, including the wave height, period, and power spectrum. The sea state varies with time, as the wind conditions or swell conditions change.

CROSS SEA

A series of waves imposed across the prevailing waves. It is called CROSS SWELL when the imposed waves are the longer swell waves

SWELL

The sudden increase in the volume of steam in the water steam mixture below the water level.

NILAS

A thin elastic crust of ice, easily bending on waves and swell and under pressure, thrusting in a pattern of interlocking 'fingers'. Nilas has a matte surface and is up to 10 centimeters in thickness. It may be subdivided into DARK NILAS and LIGHT NILAS.

PANCAKE ICE

Predominantly circular pieces of ice from 30 centimeters to 3 meters in diameter, and up to about 10 centimeters in thickness with raised rims due to pieces striking against one another. It may be formed on a slight swell from grease ice, shuga, or slush or as a result of the breaking of ice rind, nilas, or under severe conditions of swell or waves, of gray ice. It also sometimes forms at some depth, at an interface between water bodies of different physical characteristics, from where it floats to the surface; its appearance may rapidly cover wide areas of water.

ROLLERS

Amongst the islands of the West Indies, the South Atlantic and the South Indian Ocean, swell waves which after moving into shallow water have grown to such height as to be destructive. See also COMBER.

SWELL DIRECTION

The direction from which swell is moving.

OSPREY

Ocean Swell Power Renewable Energy

COMBERS

Step long swell with high and breaking crests.

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