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BIT

In computer science, a single character of a language having just two characters, as either of the binary digits 0 or 1; a unit of information equivalent to the choice of either of two equally likely alternatives; a unit of information storage capacity, as of memory.

Related Terms

ISO SOLID CONTAMINANT CODE (ISO 4406)

A code assigned on the basis of the number of particles per unit volume greater than 5 and 15 micrometers in size. Range numbers identify each increment in the particle population throughout the spectrum of levels.

REMOTE REFRIGERATING SYSTEM

Refrigerating system in which condensing unit is away from space to be cooled.

GROWLER

A piece of ice smaller than a BERGY BIT or FLOEBERG, often transparent but appearing green or almost black in color. It extends less than 1 meter above the sea surface and its length is less than 20 feet (6 meters). A growler is large enough to be a hazard to shipping but small enough that it may escape visual or radar detection.

GROUND LOG

A device for determining the course and speed over the ground in shallow water consisting of a lead or weight attached to a line. The lead is thrown overboard and allowed to rest on the bottom. The course over ground is indicated by the direction the line tends and the speed by the amount of line paid out in a unit of time.

API GRAVITY

A gravity scale established by the American Petroleum Institute and in general use in the petroleum industry, the unit being called 'the A.P.I. degree' .

FLOW RATE

The volume, mass, or weight of a fluid passing through any conductor per unit of time.

BARREL

A unit of liquid volume of petroleum oils equal to 42 U.S. gallons or approximately 35 Imperial gallons.

ANGSTROM UNITS

A unit of wave length, equal in length to one ten billionth.

INTERFACIAL TENSION (IFT)

The energy per unit area present at the boundary of two immiscible liquids. It is usually expressed in dynes/cm (ASTM Designation D 971.)

CENTISTOKE (cst)

A unit of kinematic viscosity. 1 centistoke = 0.01 stoke.
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