Contaminants, present in the air or the fuel, are deposited on the blades of a compressor or turbine.



Related Terms

AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSOR

A compressor that uses rotor blades shaped like airfoils that give the air a high velocity and push it into subsequent stationary blade passages that convert the velocity energy into pressure. This process is repeated through several stages. The airflow movement is axial.

VACUUM PUM

Low-pressure air compressor that takes suction from a region below atmospheric pressure (turbine condenser) and discharge into the atmosphere.

TURBO CHARGER

The blades of a turbine in the outlet exhaust flow of an engine are driven by the gases flowing over them. Compressor blades at the other end of the same axle are spun in the inlet flow, drawing large volumes of air into the cylinders. This enables faster combustion than naturally aspirated engines and increases power of the engine.

INTERCOOLED CYCLE

A gas turbine employing two compressors, the compressed air from the first compressor is cooled before being discharged into a second compressor.

DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSOR

A type of compressor that depends on displacement of a volume of air by a piston moving in a cylinder.

DECOMPRESSION CHAMBER

  1. A steel chamber fitted with auxiliary equipment to raise its air pressure to a value two to six times atmospheric pressure; used to relieve a diver who has decompressed too quickly in ascending. 2. Such a chamber in which conditions of high atmospheric pressure can be simulated for experimental purposes.

SALR

Saturated Adiabatic Lapse Rate; the rate at which the temperature of water vapour saturated air changes as it ascends or descends. It is taken as 1.5 degree Celsius per 1000ft.

DEGAS

Removing air from a liquid, usually by ultrasonic and/or vacuum methods.

BURNER

A device which combines fuel and air in proper proportions for combustion and which enables the fuel-air mixture to burn stably to give a specified flame size and shape.

AFTERCOOLER

A heat exchanger that removes the heat of compression from the air (or other gas) after it leaves the last stage of a compressor.

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