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The property of an electric circuit to store energy by means of an electrostatic field and release it at a later time.

Related Terms

SEEBECK EFFECT

When two different adjacent metals are heated, an electric current is generated between the metals.

DIELECTRIC STRENGTH

A measure of the ability of an insulating material to withstand electric stress (voltage) without failure. Fluids with high dielectric strength (usually expressed in volts or kilovolts) are good electrical insulators. (ASTM Designation D 877.)

AMMETER

An instrument for measuring the magnitude of electric current flow.

ARC

A flash, caused by an electric current ionizing a gas or vapor.

ALIVE

A term referring to a circuit in which a current is flowing. Also referred to as live.

ASME PART PEB SECTION I

Requirements for electric boilers.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANT

All material and energy present in and around an operating system, such as dust, air moisture, chemicals, and thermal energy.

ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY

Measures the radiation absorbed by chemically unbound atoms by analyzing the transmitted energy relative to the incident energy at each frequency. The procedure consists of diluting the fluid sample with methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) and directly aspirating the solution. The actual process of atomization involves reducing the solution to a fine spray, dissolving it, and finally vaporizing it with a flame. The vaporization of the metal particles depends upon their time in the flame, the flame temperature, and the composition of the flame gas. The spectrum occurs because atoms in the vapor state can absorb radiation at certain well-defined characteristic wave lengths. The wave length bands absorbed are very narrow and differ for each element. In addition, the absorption of radiant energy by electronic transitions from ground to excited state is essentially and absolute measure of the number of atoms in the flame and is, therefore, the concentration of the element in a sample.

INTERFACIAL TENSION (IFT)

The energy per unit area present at the boundary of two immiscible liquids. It is usually expressed in dynes/cm (ASTM Designation D 971.)

ARMATURE

the rotating part of an electric motor or generator. The moving part of a relay or vibrator.
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