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A product, material or substance that meets any one of three criteria: 1) undergoes vigorous polymerization, decomposition or condensation, 2) becomes self-reactive under conditions of shock, or increase in pressure or temperature, 3) reacts vigorously with water to release a highly toxic gas.

Related Terms

RESTRICTOR

A device for producing a deliberate pressure drop or resistance in a line by reducing the cross-sectional flow area.

SAFETY CONTROL

Device to stop unit, equipment or system if unsafe pressure and/or temperatures and/or dangerous conditions are reached.

ABRASION RESISTANCE

The ability of a material to resist surface wear.

CONTAMINANT CAPACITY

The weight of a specified artificial contaminant that must be added to the influent to produce a given differential pressure across a filter at specified conditions. Used as an indication of relative service life. Also known as Dirt capacity, Dust capacity

DIELECTRIC STRENGTH

A measure of the ability of an insulating material to withstand electric stress (voltage) without failure. Fluids with high dielectric strength (usually expressed in volts or kilovolts) are good electrical insulators. (ASTM Designation D 877.)

BUBBLE POINT

The differential gas pressure at which the first steady stream of gas bubbles is emitted from a wetted filter element under specified test conditions.

CLEAN ROOM

A facility or enclosure in which air content and other conditions (such as temperature, humidity, and pressure) are controlled and maintained at a specific level by special facilities and operating processes and by trained personnel.

ABSORPTION

The assimilation of one material into another; in petroleum refining, the use of an absorptive liquid to selectively remove components from a process stream.

CORROSION INHIBITOR

Additive for protecting lubricated metal surfaces against chemical attack by water or other contaminants. There are several types of corrosion inhibitors. Polar compounds wet the metal surface preferentially, protecting it with a film of oil. Other compounds may absorb water by incorporating it in a water-in-oil emulsion so that only the oil touches the metal surface. Another type of corrosion inhibitor combines chemically with the metal to present a non- reactive surface.

CARBON RESIDUE

Coked material remaining after an oil has been exposed to high temperatures under controlled conditions.
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