A naturally occurring mineral (Fe3O4) that has magnetic properties such as the ability to attract other magnetic materials and is affected by the earth's magnetic field.



Related Terms

SIGNATURE

The graphic record of the magnetic or acoustic properties of a vessel.

APPROXIMATE COEFFICIENTS

The six coefficients used in the analysis of the magnetic properties of a vessel in the course of magnetic compass adjustment. The values of these coefficients are determined from deviations of an unadjusted compass.

FERROMAGNETICS

The science that deals with the storage of binary information and the logical control of pulse sequences through the utilization of the magnetic polarization properties of materials.

MAGNETIC CIRCLE

A sphere of specified radius about the magnetic compass location to be kept free of any magnetic or electrical equipment which would interfere with the compass.

BRIQUETTING

  1. The process of binding together pulverized minerals, such as coal dust, into briquets under pressure, often with the aid of a binder, such as asphalt. 2. A process or method of mounting mineral ore, rock, or metal fragments in an embedding or casting material, such as natural or artificial resins, waxes, metals, or alloys, to facilitate handling during grinding, polishing, and microscopic examination.

RADIONAVIGATION

  1. The determination of position, or the obtaining of information relating to position, for the purposes of navigation by means of the propagation properties of radio waves. 2. As defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), radiodetermination used for the purposes of navigation, including obstruction warning.

MAGNETIC LOUDSPEAKER

[ENG ACOUS] Loudspeaker in which acoustic waves are produced by mechanical forces resulting from magnetic reactions. Also known as magnetic speaker.

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Waves of associated electric and magnetic fields characterized by variations of the fields. The electric and magnetic fields are at right angles to each other and to the direction of propagation. The waves are propagated at the speed of light and are known as radio (Hertzian) waves, infrared rays, light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays, etc., depending on their frequencies.

CORNER REFLECTOR

A radar reflector consisting of three mutually perpendicular flat reflecting surfaces designed to return incident electro- magnetic radiation toward its source. The reflector is used to render objects such as buoys and sailboats more conspicuous to radar observations. Since maximum effectiveness is obtained when the incident beam coincides with the axis of symmetry of the reflector, clusters of reflectors are sometimes used to insure that the object will be a good reflector in all directions. Also called TRIHEDRAL REFLECTOR.

FLOAT CHAMBER

A sealed, hollow part attached to the compass card of a magnetic compass as part of the compass card assembly, to provide buoyancy to reduce the friction on the pivot bearing

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