A naturally occurring mineral (Fe3O4) that has magnetic properties such as the ability to attract other magnetic materials and is affected by the earth's magnetic field.

Related Terms


The graphic record of the magnetic or acoustic properties of a vessel.


The six coefficients used in the analysis of the magnetic properties of a vessel in the course of magnetic compass adjustment. The values of these coefficients are determined from deviations of an unadjusted compass.


The science that deals with the storage of binary information and the logical control of pulse sequences through the utilization of the magnetic polarization properties of materials.


The technique of transporting high-energy, high-current electron beams from an accelerator to a target through a region of high-pressure gas by creating a path through the gas where the gas density may be temporarily reduced; the gas may be ionized; or a current may flow whose magnetic field focuses the electron beam on the target.


A sealed, hollow part attached to the compass card of a magnetic compass as part of the compass card assembly, to provide buoyancy to reduce the friction on the pivot bearing


Waves of associated electric and magnetic fields characterized by variations of the fields. The electric and magnetic fields are at right angles to each other and to the direction of propagation. The waves are propagated at the speed of light and are known as radio (Hertzian) waves, infrared rays, light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays, etc., depending on their frequencies.


  1. The determination of position, or the obtaining of information relating to position, for the purposes of navigation by means of the propagation properties of radio waves. 2. As defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), radiodetermination used for the purposes of navigation, including obstruction warning.


The strength of a magnetic field. Also called MAGNETIC INTENSITY.


A natural mineral (hydrous silicates) that has the capacity to absorb hardness, calcium, and magnesium ions from water.


A radar reflector consisting of three mutually perpendicular flat reflecting surfaces designed to return incident electro- magnetic radiation toward its source. The reflector is used to render objects such as buoys and sailboats more conspicuous to radar observations. Since maximum effectiveness is obtained when the incident beam coincides with the axis of symmetry of the reflector, clusters of reflectors are sometimes used to insure that the object will be a good reflector in all directions. Also called TRIHEDRAL REFLECTOR.

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