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The multiplication of effort that a machine provides. It permits a heavy load to be lifted by a smaller effort.

Related Terms

DEPOSITS

Oil-insoluble materials that result from oxidation and decomposition of lube oil and contamination from external sources and engine blow-by. These can settle out on machine or engine parts. Examples are sludge, varnish, lacquer and carbon.

DERRICK

A device for hoisting and lowering heavy weights, cargo, stores, etc

False brinelling

False brinelling of needle roller bearings is actually a fretting corrosion of the surface since the rollers are the I.D. of the bearing. Although its appearance is similar to that of brinelling, false brinelling is characterized by attrition of the steel, and the load on the bearing is less than that required to produce the resulting impression. It is the result of a combination of mechanical and chemical action that is not completely understood, and occurs when a small relative motion or vibration is accompanied by some loading, in the presence of oxygen.

AXIAL-LOAD BEARING

A bearing in which the load acts in the direction of the axis of rotation.

BRIGHT STOCK

A heavy residual lubricant stock with low pour point, used in finished blends to provide good bearing film strength, prevent scuffing, and reduce oil consumption. Usually identified by its viscosity, SUS at 210°F or cSt at 100°C.

EROSION

The progressive removal of a machine surface by cavitation or by particle impingement at high velocities.

CATASTROPHIC FAILURE

Sudden, unexpected failure of a machine resulting in considerable cost and downtime.

EP (EXTREME PRESSURE) LUBRICANTS

Lubricants that impart to rubbing surfaces the ability to carry appreciably greater loads than would be possible with ordinary lubricants without excessive wear or damage.

BREAKDOWN MAINTENANCE

Maintenance performed after a machine has failed to return it to an operating state.

BRINELLING

Permanent deformation of the bearing surfaces where the rollers (or balls) contact the races. Brinelling results from excessive load or impact on stationary bearings. It is a form of mechanical damage in which metal is displaced or upset without attrition.
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