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Satellite Navigation

Related Terms

GRID NAVIGATION

Navigation by the use of grid directions

HOMING

Navigation toward a point by following a signal from that point. Radiobeacons are commonly used for homing.

INERTIAL ALIGNMENT

The process of orienting the measuring axes of the inertial components of inertial navigation equipment with respect to the coordinate system in which the equipment is to be used. inertia

INLAND RULES OF THE ROAD

Officially the Inland Navigation Rules; Rules to be followed by all vessels while navigating upon certain defined inland waters of the United States.

INJECTION MESSAGES

Messages periodically transmitted to artificial satellites for storage in satellite memory

INTERFEROMETER

An apparatus used to produce and measure interfer- ence from two or more coherent wave trains from the same source. Used to measure wavelengths, to measure angular width of sources, to determine the angular position of sources (as in satellite track- ing), and for other purposes.

INTEGRATED NAVIGATION SYSTEM

A navigation system which comprises two or more positioning systems combined in such manner as to achieve performance better than each constituent system.

IONOSPHERIC ERROR

The total systematic and random error resulting from the reception of a navigation signal after ionospheric reflections. It may be due to variations in transmission paths, non-uniform height of the ionosphere, or non-uniform propagation within the iono- sphere. Also called IONOSPHERIC-PATH ERROR, SKYWAVE ERROR.

INTERMEDIATE ORBIT

A central force orbit that is tangent to the real (or disturbed) orbit at some point. A fictitious satellite traveling in the intermediate orbit would have the same position, but not the same velocity, as the real satellite at the point of tangency

JUNCTION MARK

A navigation mark which, when viewed from a vessel approaching from the open sea or in the same direction as the main stream of flood current, or in the direction established by appropri- ate authority, indicates the place at which two channels meet.
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